Cyclamen are part of the Primrose family. They are tuberous
plants and have no obvious visual links to the Primroses,
although they are similar to Dodecatheon in having reflexed
petals. The Cyclamen family is wide ranging, with many garden
hardy types. It is possible to have various hardy cyclamen in
flower for every month of the year.
For indoor strains, we look to the group of cultivars based
upon Cyclamenus persicum - generally winter and spring flowering
plants which are available as indoor plants in a wide range of
colours. As well as the vivid flower colour, there are many
foliage variations, ranging from pewter through to bronze.
Cyclamen are normally sold during the Christmas season and beyond into
the winter. Most will bloom from mid-November until mid February,
provided conditions are right
Light Cyclamen prefer bright indirect light. An east window is
The range of
colours available in indoor cyclamen
- Temperature Cool temperatures are preferred with an ideal daytime
temperature of 60 to 65F and night temperatures around 50 deg F. Do not place
them near radiators or other heat sources within the home.
- Watering & Humidity Plants prefer to be kept moist. Water very
carefully at soil level but keep moisture away from the area on the tuber where
the leaf and flower stems grow. If that gets wet, the plant may rot. It is safer
to water from the bottom, but do not keep the plant stood in a saucer of water
Most are planted in a peat moss soil that dries quickly. One signal to watch for
is the leaves, which are normally firm and erect, with almost crunchy feeling if
you brush through them with your hand. When the plant needs water, the leaves
- Dormancy Stage
In late winter the cyclamens stop blooming and the leaves turn yellow as the
plants go dormant. They can be set outdoors in part sun for the summer, fed and
watered regularly, then brought back inside in September when they will start to
form new foliage and flower buds. Alternatively, after flowers start fading,
gradually withhold water. When the foliage is withered, remove the "bulb" -
tuber - from the soil, clean off all soil from it and store it in un-moistened
peat moss or
in a plastic bag at 50 degrees F. Replant in good potting soil in May or June,
keeping the upper half of the tuber above the surface. Pot in a mixture of 2
parts peat moss to 1 part packaged potting soil and 1 part sharp sand or
perlite, with ground limestone added at a rate of 3 to 5 ounces per bushel
Feed about twice a month with a suitable general liquid feed.
- General Snap off all faded flowers - from the stem base .