How and when to take Semi-Ripe Cuttings from Plants.
Semi ripe cuttings are taken from garden plants - mainly shrubs, but
also perennials - in early summer. They differ from softwood cutting in
that they will be longer, and the stem will be more mature after 6 - 8
weeks of new season's growth.
Most of the procedure outlined in taking softwood cuttings
should be adhered to.
- Semi-ripe cuttings are normally taken from plants during the early to
mid summer months. The main difference between them and softwood cuttings
being that the stem wood will be more mature and not the soft sappy stem
type of the softwood cuttings. They are generally easier to work with than
the earlier softwood cuttings.
- Take current season's growths - around 4-6in long - and firm at the base
of the cutting. The cutting should have around 3-4 pair of full leaves -
strip off any surplus carefully at the bottom of the cutting.
- If the actual growing tip is very tender and soft, then it should be
nipped off with most types of semi-ripe cuttings. Together with this, shrubs
with large leaves can have their leaves cut in half to reduce water loss.
- Wound the cutting at the base - by cutting a sliver of bark off with a
- Apply rooting hormone with fungicide added.
- Best to use shoots that have not flowered. Not always possible with some
early flowering shrubs, so take care to remove any signs of flower buds or
- Insert the cutting into a 50/50 mix of all purpose compost and sharp
sand or vermiculite. It
will need to have around 2in (5cm) of stem inserted into the mix.
- Water well in - with a fungicide solution to help combat any carried
fungus spores or air carried spores.
- Cover as for Softwood
Cuttings and remove any dead or fallen leaves daily.
- This type of cutting will root well if put in a cold frame - away from
direct sunshine, but not dark.
- Once rooted, the cutting should be fed fir a couple of weeks with a
general liquid feed.
- Pot up into single pots once the roots have well established, and new
top growth is evident on your semi-ripe cutting.
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