The importance of pruning shrubs at the right time of year cannot be overstressed. If you prune some shrubs in the autumn, then you could be cutting off all of the next year's flower buds.
If you prune other shrubs in the spring, then
the same goes. You could be cutting off the summer's flower
buds. In either case, it means no flowers on your shrub!
Timing of pruning is the most important aspect for success. That is why we have put up a When to Prune Shrubs page. You can also follow our A-Z listings below for best advice on how and when to prune shrubs.
Many different shrubs require different pruning regimes, but fortunately there are a few basic rules you can follow to get it right - even if you do not know the name of your shrub. Yes, it is that easy.
Botanical and Common names included for ease of use in our A - Z shrub pruning guide. If you are not sure that you have identified your shrub correctly, then our a - z of shrubs listing (with pictures) should help you, If all else fails, we are always at your service. Just an email away. Send us an image of your shrub, and we will do our best to identify it for you.
(If you require basic technique information click here)
Azalea Mollis types (deciduous) - simply dead head the faded flowers before they set seed. Otherwise see
Elaeagnus - Evergreen Types can be cut back quite hard during April/May - or later
Eriobotrya japonica - If grown outdoors, then late winter or early spring, carry out minimal pruning for shaping. Best pruned when dormant. If grown indoors as large houseplant, will need restrictive pruning as and when required.
Euonymus (evergreen) - trim to shape in spring - or cut back hard if required.
Griselinia - Can be cut back quite hard at start of Spring growing season.
Ilex - trim in early spring - if required
Lavandula - Lavender
Leucothoe - rarely, and if so, just to shape - in early spring
Maples - See Acers above.
Myrtus - Can be pruned to shape, or cut back hard in early growing season, or later in year, but not after mid August.
Pachysandra - as and when required for
shape and spread
Pernettya - No pruning required. Cut back if necessary in April
Phlomis - Trim as required for foliage effect - otherwise nil.
Phormium - Nil - simply remove dead or damaged foliage.
Phygelius - as a herbaceous perennial, simply cut back hard in the
Senecia - see Brachyglottis now.
Solanum (Evergreen climber type
Evergreen and Deciduous types should be pruned soon after flowering to follow
Vinca - restrict growth by cutting back hard in early spring (March)
Zauschneria - needs no pruning but I needed a 'Z' plant! (OK I know, Zelkovia and Zenobia etc)
By David Hughes - email@example.com