AA Pruning Shrubs Guide - An A - Z Listing 

Pruning Kerria Buddleia Hard Pruned The importance of pruning shrubs at the right time of year cannot be overstressed. If you prune some shrubs in the autumn, then you could be cutting off all of the next year's flower buds. If you prune other shrubs in the spring, then the same goes. You could be cutting off the summer's flower buds. In either case, it means no flowers on your shrub!

Timing of pruning is the most important aspect for success. That is why we have put up a When to Prune Shrubs page. You can also follow our A-Z listings below for best advice on how and when to prune shrubs.

Many different shrubs require different pruning regimes, but fortunately there are a few basic rules you can follow to get it right - even if you do not know the name of your shrub. Yes, it is that easy.

(Pruning shrubs. Follow our Pruning Guide for simple explanations on how to prune shrubs)

Botanical and Common names included for ease of use in our A - Z shrub pruning guide. If you are not sure that you have identified your shrub correctly, then our a - z of shrubs listing (with pictures) should help you, If all else fails, we are always at your service. Just an email away. Send us an image of your shrub, and we will do our best to identify it for you.

A : B : C : D : E : F : G : H : I : J : K : L : M : N : O: P : Q : R : S :

T : U : V : W : X : Y : Z

 

(If you require basic technique information click here)

 

 

A/

  • Abelia. Most are evergreen - sometimes with attractive foliage
  • Acer. Most Acers are best not pruned, but if you have to, then this is the way to do it.
  • Amelanchier. The white flowers in spring and that gorgeous autumn foliage colour can be helped with proper pruning.
  • Apple trees One of our most-asked pruning questions. Follow the advice for good juicy crops.
  • Arbutus  The strawberry tree does not grow strawberries - just fruit that look like strawberries!
  • Aucuba - A misunderstood evergreen shrub that can actually look quite good - even spectacular - with the right pruning.

Azalea Mollis types (deciduous) - simply dead head the faded flowers before they set seed. Otherwise see

B/

 

Back to top

C/

Ceratostigma
Chaenomeles

 Cistus

Cotoneaster

Back to top

D/

E/

Elaeagnus - Evergreen Types can be cut back quite hard during April/May - or later

Erica
Escallonia

Eucryphia
Euonymus (evergreen) - trim to shape in spring - or cut back hard if required.
Euonymus (deciduous)

Back to top

F/

Fatsia

G/

Genista
Griselinia - Can be cut back quite hard at start of Spring growing season. 

Back to top

H/

I/

Ilex - trim in early spring - if required

J/

  • Jasminum nudiflorum - Cut back the flowered shoots to within a few cm of the older branch. Also cut back  some of the older branches to within a few cm of ground level in order to promote more basal growth. To grow as a small arching shrub, prune each spring as for Buddleja.
  • Japanese Maples - see Acers above

K/

Kalmia

Back to top

L/

Lavandula - Lavender

Leucothoe - rarely, and if so, just to shape - in early spring

Ligustrum

  • Lilac (Syringa)- will tolerate hard renovation pruning also - if required. 
  • Lonicera Pruning - Climbing and Shrub forms of the Lonicera - Honeysuckle - group of shrubs.

M/

  • Magnolia Pruning. Annual pruning rarely required. The evergreen or wall trained types sometimes benefit from some pruning.

Mahonia
Maples - See Acers above.

Myrtus - Can be pruned to shape, or cut back hard in early growing season, or later in year, but not after mid August.

Back to top

N/

Nandina

O/

Back to top

P/

Pachysandra - as and when required for shape and spread
Paeonia
Pear Trees
Pernettya - No pruning required. Cut back if necessary in April

Phlomis - Trim as required for foliage effect - otherwise nil.
Phormium - Nil - simply remove dead or damaged foliage.

Phygelius - as a herbaceous perennial, simply cut back hard in the spring
Phygelius

Potentilla

Pyracantha

Back to top

Q/

R/

S/

  • Salix For maximum stem colour in winter

Salvia

Santolina
Senecia - see Brachyglottis now.

Solanum (Evergreen climber type

  • Spiraea (billardii & douglasii only)
  • Spiraea Snowmound, Arguta, Goldflame, Vanhoutei etc (Early summer flowering types)
  • Syringa - will tolerate hard renovation pruning also - if required. 
  • St Johns Wort - Hypericum.

Back to top

T/

U/

Ulex

V/

Viburnum, Evergreen and Deciduous types should be pruned soon after flowering to follow
Vinca - restrict growth by cutting back hard in early spring (March)

Back to top

W/

 

X/

Xanthorhiza

Y/

Yucca.

Z/

Zauschneria - needs no pruning but I needed a 'Z' plant! (OK I know, Zelkovia and Zenobia etc)


Back to top   

 

By David Hughes - info@gardenseeker.com